How UAO is using Drones in Agriculture


Agriculture has evolved to be a cutting-edge industry. The industry is integrating technology to increase productivity, safety, affordability, and profitability. Drones are one of these new technologies.

Drones have become more common in agriculture and pilots and farmers are developing new ways to use them to monitor crop health, spray crops with pesticides and fertilizer, and even to plant seed fields. In an age where resources are scarce, efficiency is essential for agricultural operations and farmers to overcome these challenges. The agricultural industry has many options to overcome these challenges. Drones are an excellent tool. This article will discuss these innovations and how they benefit farmers, drone pilots and the entire agricultural industry.

Drone Plant Health Mapping:

Plant Health in Farming
Plant Health in Farming

We will begin by discussing how drones can be used to monitor the health of plants. One of the most common uses of drones is in agriculture. Pilots will need a drone that can sense and take images in the RGB spectrum, near infrared or multispectral. They then pair this drone to a flight app.

After the pilot has designed his automated flight, he will actually fly it. The drone will fly in a grid formation over the field, taking hundreds to thousands images. These images will be taken by the pilot and then put in a mapping engine, such as the one and two-dimensional apps mentioned above. 

An orthomosaic is an image combination that contains metadata, such as the geographic location, RGB reflectivity and elevation of ground surface in relation to the camera. These images can be combined to create a high-resolution image. The orthomosaic will produce the plant health map. 

Here are some examples of how a plant health map might appear. Below is an example of a field with healthy crops and a line of plants down the middle, which are suffering from a lack in water because they are located at the highest point of the field.

Monitoring your plant health can help you to see how healthy your plants are. However, this data can also be used to identify deficiencies in soil nutrients. The world is facing a serious problem with soil nutrition. The soil’s nutrients are depleted by farming the same fields every year. 

This has led to the widespread adoption of an alternate field method by farmers. This method is not foolproof. Some areas of the field might have lower nutrients than others. This would result in less healthy crops. The appearance of stressed crops is visible on plant health maps. The soil will be identified by farmers, who can then add nutrients to the soil.

Automated flights are essential, as is the ability to map a field for plant health. An automated flight is used to spray pesticides and fertilizer. This ensures that no area is missed or neglected. Although the process may take longer than traditional spraying with a light crop duster plane or helicopter, a drone is safer and cheaper for fertilizing and spraying pesticides onto crops.

A live feed camera is often fitted to agricultural drones. This camera can be used to spray and fertilize certain areas, as well as to seed certain areas if the automated flight plan was not available. You might need to reach the roots of an orchard to spray soybeans. The live feed camera will allow you to see where you are spraying.

Seeding Drones

Seeding fields is the next application for drones in agricultural. The payload of drones used to spray pesticides or fertilizer will be similar. The payload of seeds will yield more than the fertilizer and pesticide payloads. A few seeding machines attached with drones shoot the seeds in a circular pattern. This video shows how drones can be used to benefit from this technology.

Drones can be used in agriculture to do the same thing as traditional manned aircraft. This is true even when seeding crops. The drone is lighter and more efficient than a tractor that burns fuel and requires you to drive it.

Drones can be used to seed fields in many ways. It is not only energy efficient but also agile and adaptive in comparison to a tractor. Flat terrain might be okay for a tractor. A tractor may not be able to traverse hilly terrain or mountainous terrain. This could pose safety and security concerns. These terrains can be navigated by humans, but a drone is able to sense the ground beneath and determine elevation changes. A drone can complete its task without any obstacles as long as there isn’t any tree. Trees can however be detected and avoided because many drones have obstacle avoidance technology.

What Drones Can Do and Will Do To Agriculture

Drones are increasingly being used in agriculture as they become more efficient. Drones will be a key solution for most aerial-based and analytical farming activities, as they can now perform the same tasks as humans.

If the farm is large enough, it’s likely that farmers will continue to employ a Part 107 pilot. Part 107 pilots, on the other hand will be able to use their skills to make money for smaller farmers. Paragraph.

Correct placement of pesticides and fertilizer will become more important as they get more expensive. These resources are scarce in the world right now. Therefore, conservation of fertilizer will be a top priority. Low accuracy will lead to the end of traditional planes that were once filled with large quantities of pesticides and fertilizer.

Organic products are becoming more popular. Larger farms will have to ensure that their crops grow in a healthy manner, as certain pesticides, fertilers, and GMO products won’t be used. The industry has made plan health analysis a standard practice.

Drones could be used to plant crops in large and small-scale operations. Drones can help farmers overcome the challenges of feeding the world.